Abstract Title:

Electroacupuncture Relieves Hippocampal Injury by Heme Oxygenase-1 to Improve Mitochondrial Function.

Abstract Source:

J Surg Res. 2022 05 ;273:15-23. Epub 2022 Jan 10. PMID: 35016152

Abstract Author(s):

Rui Mu, Na Li, Jian-Bo Yu, Li-Rong Gong, Shu-An Dong, Jia Shi, Yuan Zhang, Zi-Lei Xie

Article Affiliation:

Rui Mu


INTRODUCTION: Electroacupuncture (EA) treatment has been demonstrated to have the potential to prevent sepsis-induced hippocampal injury; however, the mechanisms underlying the protective effects of EA against such injury remain unclear. Herein, to elucidate these mechanisms, we constructed a mouse model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced hippocampal injury to investigate the protection mechanism of EA and to determine whether heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1)-mediated mitochondrial function is involved in the protective effect of EA.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sepsis model of hippocampal injury was induced by administering LPS. The Zusanli and Baihui acupoints were stimulated using EA for 30 min once a day, for 5 d before LPS exposure and the first day after administering LPS. Hippocampal injury was investigated by hematoxylin and eosin staining and Nissl staining. HO-1 levels were measured using Western blotting. Mitochondrial metabolism was validated by assessing adenosine triphosphate, superoxide dismutase, malondialdehyde levels, reactive oxygen species production, and mitochondrial respiratory chain activity. Mitochondrial morphology was analyzed by transmission electron microscopy.

RESULTS: EA treatment alleviated neuronal injury, impeded oxidative stress, and improved mitochondrial respiratory function, energy metabolism, and mitochondrial morphology in LPS-exposed mice. In addition, HO-1 knockout aggravated LPS-induced hippocampal injury, aggravated oxidative stress, and reduced mitochondrial respiratory function and aggravated mitochondrial swelling, crest relaxation, and vacuole degeneration. Moreover, EA was unable to reverse the hippocampal damage and mitochondrial dysfunction caused by LPS exposure after HO-1 knockout.

CONCLUSIONS: EA improves LPS-induced hippocampal injury by regulating HO-1-mediated mitochondrial function. Furthermore, HO-1 plays a critical role in maintaining mitochondrial function and resisting oxidative injury.

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