Protective effect of Embelia ribes Burm on methionine-induced hyperhomocysteinemia and oxidative stress in rat brain.
Indian J Exp Biol. 2008 Jul;46(7):521-7. PMID: 18807756
The present study was aimed to find out the protective effect of ethanolic extract of E. ribes fruits on homocysteine, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and lipid profile in serum, lipid peroxidation (LPO) and non-enzymatic antioxidant glutathione (GSH) levels in brain homogenates and histopathological examination of brain tissue in methionine (1 g/kg body weight, orally for 30 days) induced hyperhomocysteinemic rats. A significant increase in homocysteine, LDH, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL-C) levels was observed in serum. Increased LPO levels in brain homogenates with reduced serum high density lipoprotein (HDL-C) levels and decreased GSH content were other salient features observed in methionine treated pathogenic control rats. Administration of ethanolic E. ribes extract (100 mg/kg body weight, orally) for 30 days to methionine-induced hyperhomocysteinemic rats produced a significant decrease in the levels of homocysteine, LDH, total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-C, VLDL-C in serum and LPO levels in brain homogenates with significant increase in serum HDL-C levels and GSH content in brain homogenates, when compared with pathogenic control rats. Biochemical observations were further substantiated with histological examination of brain. Degenerative changes of neuronal cells in methionine treated rats were minimized to near normal morphology by ethanolic E. ribes extract administration as evident by histopathological examination. The results provide clear evidence for the first time, that ethanolic E. ribes extract treatment enhances the antioxidant defense against methionine-induced hyperhomocysteinemia and oxidative stress in brain.