Enhanced anticancer effect of ROS-boosted photothermal therapy by using fucoidan-coated polypyrrole nanoparticles.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2021 Jan 1 ;166:98-107. Epub 2020 Oct 20. PMID: 33091478
Nanomaterial mediated cancer/tumor photo driven hyperthermia has obtained great awareness. Nevertheless, it is a challenge for improving the hyperthermic efficacy lacking resistance to stimulated thermal stress. We thus developed a bioinspired nano-platform utilizing inclusion complexation between photosensitive polypyrrole (Ppy) nanoparticles (NP) and fucoidan (FU). This FU-Ppy NP proved to be an excellent P-selectin-mediated, lung cancer-cell/tumor targeting delivery and specific accumulation, could augment cancer/tumor oxidative stress levels through producing cellular reactive oxygen species. Potent ROS/photothermal combinational therapeutic effects were exhibited by the bioinspired FU-Ppy NP through a selective P-selectin cancer/tumor targeting aptitude for the lung cancer cells/tumor compared with other nano-formulations. The usage of FU-Ppy NP also involves the potential mechanism of suppressing the biological expression of tumor vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). This FU biological macromolecule-amplified photothermally therapeutic nano-platform has promising potential for future medical translation in eradicating numerous tumors.