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Abstract Title:

Enhancement of carotenoid production and its regulation in edible mushroom Cordyceps militaris by abiotic stresses.

Abstract Source:

Enzyme Microb Technol. 2021 Aug ;148:109808. Epub 2021 Apr 24. PMID: 34116757

Abstract Author(s):

Yi Zhao, Shu-Li Li, Hai-Ying Chen, Yuan Zou, Qian-Wang Zheng, Li-Qiong Guo, Guang-Hong Wu, Jun Lu, Jun-Fang Lin, Zhi-Wei Ye

Article Affiliation:

Yi Zhao

Abstract:

Cordyceps militaris carotenoids are widely used as food additives, animal feed supplements, and so on. However, the biosynthetic pathway of carotenoids in C. militaris is still obscure. In this paper, changes of mycelial morphology and carotenoid accumulation of C. militaris were investigated under oxidative (KMnO) and osmotic stress (NaCl). Subsequently, qRT-PCR was employed to detect the expression levels of genes related to carotenogenesis to explore the mechanism of adaptation to abiotic stress. When the concentrations of KMnOand NaCl were respectively 0.4 g/L and 2 g/L, carotenoid accumulation reached a maximum of 6616.82 ± 666.43 μg/g and 6416.77 ± 537.02 μg/g. Under the oxidative stress condition of KMnO, the expressions of psy and hsp70 increased significantly compared with control. Besides, the genes fus3 and hog1 were significantly enriched in the MAPK signal pathway. Compared with the control group, there was no significant difference in expression of psy in the NaCl group. Moreover, the accumulation of triacylglycerols may contribute significantly to the increase in carotenoid accumulation. The increased accumulation of antioxidant carotenoids induced under environmental stress is to resist oxidative conditions. Fus3 and Hog1 signaling in the MAPK pathway was activated and subsequently take effects on the resistance of oxidative condition by regulating related metabolic processes. C. militaris resist the stress of high oxygen by producing a large amount of glycerol and carotenoids when this fungus is cultured in a saline environment for a long time.

Study Type : Plant Study

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