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Abstract Title:

Enzymatically synthesizedα-galactooligosaccharides attenuate metabolic syndrome in high-fat diet induced mice in association with the modulation of gut microbiota.

Abstract Source:

Food Funct. 2021 Jun 8 ;12(11):4960-4971. PMID: 34100482

Abstract Author(s):

Ningning He, Hao Chen, Zihan Zhou, Wandong Zhao, Shuo Wang, Zhiyuan Lv, Nian Liu, Haoyu Wang, Zizhen Yang, Shangyong Li

Article Affiliation:

Ningning He

Abstract:

The composition and structure of gut microbiota plays an important role in obesity induced by a high-fat diet (HFD) and related metabolic syndrome (MetS). Previous studies have shown that galacto-oligosaccharides (GOSs) have an effective anti-obesity effect. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of enzymatically synthesizedα-galacto-oligosaccharides (ES-α-GOSs) on MetS and gut microbiota dysbiosis in HFD-fed mice, and to further investigate whether the attenuation of MetS is associated with the modulation of gut microbiota. Our results indicated that ES-α-GOS could notably ameliorate obesity-related MetS, includinghyperlipidemia, insulin resistance and mild inflammation. The subsequent analysis of gut microbiota further showed that ES-α-GOS supplements can significantly modulate the overall composition of the gut microbiota and reverse the gut microbiota disorder caused by HFD feeding. Moreover, Spearman correlation analysis showed that 40 key bacteria reversed by ES-α-GOS were highly associated with metabolic parameters. These results suggested that ES-α-GOSs could serve as a potential candidate for preventing obesity-induced MetS in association with the modulation of gut microbiota.

Study Type : Animal Study

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