Abstract Title:

Effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on Barrett's epithelium in the human lower esophagus.

Abstract Source:

Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Apr;87(4):949-56. PMID: 18400718

Abstract Author(s):

Samir P Mehta, Alex P Boddy, Jane Cook, Virginia Sams, Elizabeth K Lund, Ian T Johnson, Michael Rhodes


BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies suggest a reduced risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma in populations with a high consumption of fish, and n-3 fatty acids inhibit experimental carcinogenesis. One possible explanation is the suppression of eicosanoid production through inhibition of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2). OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the effects of dietary supplementation with the n-3 fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on a number of biological endpoints in Barrett's esophagus. DESIGN: Fifty-two participants with known Barrett's esophagus underwent endoscopy. Biopsy samples were obtained from a recorded level within the area of Barrett's esophagus, and then 27 patients were randomly assigned to consume EPA capsules (1.5 g/d) for 6 mo or no supplement (controls). At the end of this period, patients again underwent endoscopy, and biopsy samples were collected at the same level. Tissue samples were analyzed for mucosal lipid, prostaglandin E2, leukotriene B4, COX-2 protein, and RNA concentrations. Cellular proliferation was also measured, by Ki-67 immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The EPA content of esophageal mucosa increased over the study period in the n-3-supplemented subjects and was significantly different from the content in the controls (P < 0.01). There was also a significant decline in COX-2 protein concentrations (measured by immunoblotting) in the n-3 group, and the difference was significant from that in the controls (P < 0.05); no difference in COX-2 RNA concentrations was observed between groups. This change in COX-2 protein was inversely related to the change in EPA content (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the change in prostaglandin E2, leukotriene B4, or cellular proliferation between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: Supplementation with EPA significantly changed n-3 fatty acid concentrations and reduced COX-2 concentrations in Barrett's tissue.

Study Type : Human Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.