Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Ethanol extract fromameliorates dopaminergic neuronal cell death in transgenic mice expressing mutant A53T human alpha-synuclein.

Abstract Source:

Neural Regen Res. 2020 Feb ;15(2):361-368. PMID: 31552910

Abstract Author(s):

Hyun Jin Park, Ting Ting Zhao, Seung Hwan Kim, Chong Kil Lee, Bang Yeon Hwang, Kyung Eun Lee, Myung Koo Lee

Article Affiliation:

Hyun Jin Park


Gynostemma (G.) pentaphyllum (Cucurbitaceae) contains various bioactive gypenosides. Ethanol extract from G. pentaphyllum (GP-EX) has been shown to have ameliorative effects on the death of dopaminergic neurons in animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD) induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine- and 6-hydroxydopamine. PD patients exhibit multiple symptoms, so PD-related research should combine neurotoxin models with genetic models. In the present study, we investigated the ameliorative effects of GP-EX, including gypenosides, on the cell death of dopaminergic neurons in the midbrain of A53Tα-synuclein transgenic mouse models of PD (A53T). Both GP-EX and gypenosides at 50 mg/kg per day were orally administered to the A53T mice for 20 weeks. α-Synuclein-immunopositive cells and α-synuclein phosphorylation were increased in the midbrain of A53T mice, which was reduced following treatment with GP-EX. Treatment with GP-EX modulated the reduced phosphorylation of tyrosine hydroxylase, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2), Bcl-2-associated death promoter (Bad) at Ser112, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK1/2) due to α-synuclein overexpression. In the A53T group, GP-EX treatment prolonged the latency of the step-through passive avoidance test and shortened the transfer latency of the elevated plus maze test. Gypenosides treatment exhibited the effects and efficacy similar to those of GP-EX. Taken together, GP-EX, including gypenosides, has ameliorative effects on dopaminergic neuronal cell death due to the overexpression of α-synuclein by modulating ERK1/2, Bad at Ser112, and JNK1/2 signaling in the midbrain of A53T mouse model of PD. Further studies are needed to investigate GP-EX as a treatment for neurodegenerative synucleinopathies, including PD. This studywas approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Chungbuk National University (approval No. CBNUA-956-16-01) on September 21, 2016.

Study Type : Transgenic Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.