Eucalyptol Inhibits Amyloid-β-Induced Barrier Dysfunction in Glucose-Exposed Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells and Diabetic Eyes.
Antioxidants (Basel). 2020 Oct 15 ;9(10). Epub 2020 Oct 15. PMID: 33076507
Dong Yeon Kim
Hyperglycemia elicits tight junction disruption and blood-retinal barrier breakdown, resulting in diabetes-associated vison loss. Eucalyptol is a natural compound found in eucalyptus oil with diverse bioactivities. This study evaluated that eucalyptol ameliorated tight junctions and retinal barrier function in glucose/amyloid-β (Aβ)-exposed human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and in db/db mouse eyes. RPE cells were cultured in media containing 33 mM glucose or 5 μM Aβ for 4 days in the presence of 1-20 μM eucalyptol. The in vivo animal study employed db/db mice orally administrated with 10 mg/kg eucalyptol.Nontoxic eucalyptol inhibited the Aβ induction in glucose-loaded RPE cells and diabetic mouse eyes. Eucalyptol reversed the induction of tight junction-associated proteins of ZO-1, occludin-1 and matrix metalloproteinases in glucose- or Aβ-exposed RPE cells and in diabetic eyes, accompanying inhibition of RPE detachment from Bruch's membrane. Adding eucalyptol to glucose- or Aβ-loaded RPE cells, and diabetic mouse eyes reciprocally reversed induction/activation of apoptosis-related bcl-2, bax, cytochrome C/Apaf-1 and caspases. Eucalyptol attenuated the generation of reactive oxygen speciesand the induction of receptor for advanced glycation end products in Aβ-exposed RPE cells and diabetic eyes. Eucalyptol may ameliorate RPE barrier dysfunction in diabetic eyes through counteracting Aβ-mediated oxidative stress-induced RPE cell apoptosis.