Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Extract from Mulberry (Morus australis) leaf decelerate acetaminophen induced hepatic inflammation involving downregulation of myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) signals.

Abstract Source:

J Food Drug Anal. 2017 Oct ;25(4):862-871. Epub 2016 Nov 5. PMID: 28987363

Abstract Author(s):

Chi-Ting Horng, Zhi-Hong Liu, Yu-Ting Huang, Huei-Jane Lee, Chau-Jong Wang

Article Affiliation:

Chi-Ting Horng


Acetaminophen (APAP) induced inflammation and oxidative stress can cause cell death to induce liver damage. The antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effect of Mulberry (Morus australis) leaf extract (MLE) was shown in previous studies. In this study, we investigated the modulation of MLE on APAP induced inflammation and oxidative stress in rat liver injury or liver cancer cell (HepG2). Wistar rat was fed orally with MLE (0.5% or 1.0 %) for 1 week, and then, 900 mg/kg of APAP was injected intraperitoneally (i.p.). Pretreatment of MLE decreased obvious foci of inflammatory cell infiltration in liver. It also reduced the expression of inflammatory parameters including cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) in liver. Treating with MLE increased the antioxidative enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and catalase. Giving APAP to HepG2 hepatocyte was conducted to elucidate the mechanism of MLE or its functional components. The result showed that APAP upregulated hepatic protein expression of (myeloid differentiation factor 88) MyD88, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB), inhibitor of kappa B (IkB), c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK), and receptor interacting proteins (RIP1 and RIP3). Pretreatment of MLE, gallic acid (GA), gallocatechin gallate (GCG), or protocatechuic acid (PCA) suppressed the indicated protein expression. These findings confirmed that MLE has the potential to protect liver from APAP-induced inflammation, and the protecting mechanism might involve decreasing oxidative stress and regulating the innate immunity involving MyD88.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.