Abstract Title:

Evidence for the involvement of nitric oxide and nitric oxide synthase in the modulation of opioid-induced antinociception and the inhibitory effects of exposure to 60-Hz magnetic fields in the land snail.

Abstract Source:

Brain Res. 1998 Oct 26 ;809(1):50-7. PMID: 9795129

Abstract Author(s):

M Kavaliers, E Choleris, F S Prato, K Ossenkopp

Article Affiliation:

M Kavaliers


The attenuation of opioid peptide-mediated antinociception is a well-established effect of extremely low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields with alterations in calcium channel function and/or calcium ion flux and protein kinase C activity being implicated in the mediation of these effects. The present study was designed to examine the effects of nitric oxide (NO) and calcium ion/calmodulin-dependent nitric oxide synthase (NOS) on opioid-induced antinociception and their involvement in mediating the inhibitory effects of exposure to ELF magnetic fields. We observed that enkephalinase (SCH 34826)-induced, and likely enkephalin-mediated, antinociception in the land snail, Cepaea nemoralis, as measured by the enhanced latency of a foot withdrawal response to a thermal (40 degreesC) stimulus, was reduced by the NO releasing agent, S-nitro-N-acetylpenicillamide (SNP), and enhanced by the NO synthase inhibitor, NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME). Exposure of snails to an ELF magnetic field (15 min, 60 Hz, 141 microT peak) also reduced the enkephalinase-induced antinociception. The inhibitory effects of the 60-Hz magnetic field were significantly reduced by the NO synthase inhibitor, l-NAME, and significantly enhanced by the NO releasing agent, SNP, at dosages which by themselves had no evident effects on nociceptive sensitivity. These results suggest that: (1) NO and NO synthase have antagonistic effects on opioid-induced analgesia in the snail, Cepaea and (2) the inhibitory effects of ELF magnetic fields on opioid analgesia involve alteration in NO and NO synthase activity.

Study Type : Animal Study

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