Abstract Title:

Methods to select suitable fetal bovine serum for use in quality control assays for the detection of adventitious viruses from biological products.

Abstract Source:

Biologicals. 2011 Jul ;39(4):242-8. Epub 2011 Jun 30. PMID: 21719306

Abstract Author(s):

Takashi Kozasa, Hiroshi Aoki, Nao Nakajima, Akio Fukusho, Masatoshi Ishimaru, Shigeyuki Nakamura

Article Affiliation:

National Veterinary Assay Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Kokubunji, Tokyo, Japan. [email protected]


Production of biological products, especially vaccines, usually requires materials derived from animals, and there are always risks that animal pathogens derived from these materials could contaminate the final products. Detection of adventitious agents is performed by quality control tests. In these biological assays, animal derived materials are also used and another problem arises, as fetal bovine serum (FBS) is used as an ingredient in tissue culture media. FBS contaminated with bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) or other bovine pathogens, as well as antibodies against these pathogens may lead to false results in quality control assays. In this study, in order to determine the actual status of commercial FBS, we performed quality tests on various FBS samples. As a result, in 28 of 49 FBS samples (57.1%), pestivirus genes were detected by pan-pestivirus reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay. Furthermore, two samples contained infectious BVDV. Neutralizing antibodies against BVDVs were detected in 48 of 49 samples (97.6%) by the virus neutralization test based on the serum-dilution or virus-dilution methods. Antibodies against other bovine pathogens were detected rarely in these samples. From our results, we recommend methods to select FBS that are focused on detection of BVDV and neutralizing antibodies against BVDV.

Study Type : Review
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