Fig leaf extract has antibacterial effect on E. faecalis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Antibacterial activity of fig leaf (Linn.) extract againstand its cytotoxicity effects on fibroblast cells.
Vet World. 2018 Mar ;11(3):342-347. Epub 2018 Mar 20. PMID: 29657427
Background: is one of the bacteria that commonly found in root canal and pulp infection after root canal treatment. Sodium hypochlorite is the most widely used root canal irrigation, but it has toxic properties if exposed to periradicular tissues. It is necessary to develop an alternative for root canal irrigation. Fig leaf (Linn.) extract contains active substances such as flavonoid, tannin, and terpenoid which have been known for their antibacterial potency.
Aim: This study aimed to determine the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of fig leaf (Linn.) extract againstand its cytotoxicity on fibroblast cells.
Materials and Methods: A serial dilution method was used to determine the MBC of fig leaf extract onwhich grown on nutrient agar media. Inoculation was carried out at concentrations that suspected minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), MBC, concentration between MIC and MBC, and control groups on different nutrient agar. MIC and MBC of fig leaf extract againstwere known by counting the growth of bacteria colonies on nutrient agar media in CFU/ml. The cytotoxicity of MIC and MBC of the extract acquired were tested using 3(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, and the results were read using an ELISA reader. Data ofcolonies were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney test.
Results: The result showed a significant difference among the groups (p<0.05). fig leaf extract at a concentration of 50% showed no bacterial growth, and cell viability at this concentration was 77.7%.
Conclusion: Fig leaf extract has antibacterial effect onwith MBC at 50% and not cytotoxic to fibroblast cells.