Protective effects of 6-Gingerol on vascular endothelial cell injury induced by high glucose via activation of PI3K-AKT-eNOS pathway in human umbilical vein endothelial cells.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2017 Sep ;93:788-795. Epub 2017 Jul 12. PMID: 28709132
6-Gingerol (6-Gin), an active constituent of Zingiber officinale, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-cancerous etc. bioactivities. However, little is known about its endothelial protective effects and the underlying mechanisms. In this study, our purpose was to investigate the protective effects of 6-Gin and its underlying mechanisms. HUVECs were exposed to high glucose (HG, 33mM glucose) for 48h, followed by 50μM 6-Gin with or without LY294002 (10μM), AKT inhibitor IV (0.5μM) or L-NAME (5mM) for another 24h. Cell viability, levels of NO, LDH and ROS were detected. In addition, the expression levels of IKK, IRS-1, PI3K, AKT, eNOS and their phosphorylated proteins were measured by western blots. Comparedwith the control, HUVECs were significantly impaired by HG, characterized by decreased levels of the cell viability, NO, pY458-PI3K, pS473-AKT and pS1177-eNOS while increased levels of LDH, pS176-IKK, and p-S312-IRS-1. Conversely, 6-Gin remarkably protected HUVECs against HG-induced injury in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. However, the protective effects of 6-Gin were abolished by co-treatment with LY294002, AKT inhibitor IV or L-NAME at the HG state. Collectively, 6-Gin attenuated the injury of HUVECs induced by HG through the activation of PI3K-AKT-eNOS signal pathway. The findings provide a novel potential for 6-Gin to prevent and treat the angiopathy resulting from diabetes mellitus.