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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Fisetin ameliorates cognitive impairment by activating mitophagy and suppressing neuroinflammation in rats with sepsis-associated encephalopathy.

Abstract Source:

CNS Neurosci Ther. 2021 Nov 27. Epub 2021 Nov 27. PMID: 34837343

Abstract Author(s):

Hongguang Ding, Ya Li, Shenglong Chen, Yin Wen, Shiying Zhang, Ensi Luo, Xusheng Li, Wenhong Zhong, Hongke Zeng

Article Affiliation:

Hongguang Ding

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Fisetin, the effective ingredient of the traditional Chinese medicine named Cotinus coggygria, is recommended to be active therapeutic in many disorders. However, its role in sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) remains unclarified.

METHODS: Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) operation was performed to establish a rat model of SAE. Rats were grouped according to the surgery operation and fisetin administration. Cognitive impairment was assessed by Morris water maze test. Disruption of blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity was detected by Evan's blue staining. The mitophagy, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, NLRP3 inflammasome activation, and pro-inflammatory cytokines levels were measured through western blot and double immunofluorescence labeling. A transmission electron microscope was applied for the observation of mitochondrial autophagosomes.

RESULTS: Rats in the CLP group presented increased expression of IL-1R1, pNF-κB, TNF-α, and iNOS in microglial cells, indicating severe inflammation in the central nervous system (CNS). Nevertheless, there was no increase in BBB permeability. Meanwhile, NLRP3 inflammasome was activated in cerebral microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs), presented with an elevation of caspase-1 expression and IL-1β secretion into CNS. In addition, we found fisetin significantly improved cognitive dysfunction in rats with SAE. Neuroprotective effects of fisetin might be associated with inhibition of neuroinflammation, represented with decreased expression of IL-1R1, pNF-κB, TNF-α,and iNOS in microglia. Furthermore, fisetin induced mitophagy, scavenged ROS, blocked NLRP3 inflammasome activation of CMECs, as evidenced by decreased expression of caspase-1 and reduced release of IL-1β into CNS.

CONCLUSION: Collectively, fisetin-blocked NLRP3 inflammasome activation via promoting mitophagy in CMECs may suppress the secretion of IL-1β into CNS, reduce neuroinflammation, and contribute to the amelioration of cognitive impairment.

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