Abstract Title:

The flavonoid apigenin potentiates the growth inhibitory effects of gemcitabine and abrogates gemcitabine resistance in human pancreatic cancer cells.

Abstract Source:

Pancreas. 2009 May;38(4):409-15. PMID: 19142175

Abstract Author(s):

Matthew J Strouch, Benjamin M Milam, Laleh G Melstrom, John J McGill, Mohammad R Salabat, Michael B Ujiki, Xian-Zhong Ding, David J Bentrem


OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of combination therapy of apigenin and gemcitabine on cell proliferation, the cell cycle, and gemcitabine resistance in human pancreatic cancer cells. METHODS: Cell counting was used to assess the effect of single-agent and combination treatment on the proliferation of CD18 and AsPC-1 pancreatic cancer cells. Flow cytometry was performed to assess the effect of combination treatment on cell cycle progression and induction of apoptosis. Western blot analysis was used to evaluate phosporylated AKT (pAkt) and cell cycle proteins. The effect of apigenin on gemcitabine-resistant AsPC-1 cells was assessed via thymidine incorporation. RESULTS: Apigenin in combination with gemcitabine inhibited pancreatic cancer cell proliferation more than either agent alone. Combination treatment induced both S and G2/M phase arrest and increased apoptosis. Apigenin down-regulated pAkt expression and abrogated gemcitabine-mediated pAkt induction. In gemcitabine-resistant AsPC-1 cells, apigenin significantly inhibited cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. CONCLUSION: Combination treatment with apigenin and gemcitabine inhibited pancreatic cancer cell growth via cell cycle arrest, down-regulation of the prosurvival factor pAkt, and induction of apoptosis. Combination therapy may prove useful for the treatment of pancreatic cancer.

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2023 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.