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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Flavonoids Synergistically Enhance the Anti-Glioblastoma Effects of Chemotherapeutic Drugs.

Abstract Source:

Biomolecules. 2021 12 7 ;11(12). Epub 2021 Dec 7. PMID: 34944485

Abstract Author(s):

Kevin Zhai, Alena Mazurakova, Lenka Koklesova, Peter Kubatka, Dietrich Büsselberg

Article Affiliation:

Kevin Zhai

Abstract:

Flavonoids are polyphenolic plant secondary metabolites with pleiotropic biological properties, including anti-cancer activities. These natural compounds have potential utility in glioblastoma (GBM), a malignant central nervous system tumor derived from astrocytes. Conventional GBM treatment modalities such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgical tumor resection are beneficial but limited by extensive tumor invasion and drug/radiation resistance. Therefore, dietary flavonoids-with demonstrated anti-GBM properties in preclinical research-are potential alternative therapies. This review explores the synergistic enhancement of the anti-GBM effects of conventional chemotherapeutic drugs by flavonoids. Primary studies published between 2011 and 2021 on flavonoid-chemotherapeutic synergy in GBM were obtained from PubMed. These studies demonstrate that flavonoids such as chrysin, epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), formononetin, hispidulin, icariin, quercetin, rutin, and silibinin synergistically enhance the effects of canonical chemotherapeutics. These beneficial effects are mediated by the modulation of intracellular signaling mechanisms related to apoptosis, proliferation, autophagy, motility, and chemoresistance. In this light, flavonoids hold promise in improving current therapeutic strategies and ultimately overcoming GBM drug resistance. However, despite positive preclinical results, further investigations are necessary before the commencement of clinical trials. Key considerations include the bioavailability, blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability, and safety of flavonoids; optimal dosages of flavonoids and chemotherapeutics; drug delivery platforms; and the potential for adverse interactions.

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