n/a
Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Formononetin and metformin act synergistically to inhibit growth of MCF-7 breast cancer cells in vitro.

Abstract Source:

Biomed Pharmacother. 2019 Jan ;109:2084-2089. Epub 2018 Nov 26. PMID: 30551465

Abstract Author(s):

Min Xin, Yong Wang, Qianyao Ren, Yanhong Guo

Article Affiliation:

Min Xin

Abstract:

Many breast cancer patients suffer from obvious side effects induced by chemotherapy. Formononetin (FM), one kind ingredient of Chinese herbal medicine, has been suggested to inhibit MCF-7 breast cancer cells. And recently metformin (MET) has gained more attention as a potential anti-cancer drug. The aim of this study was to investigate the synergistic effects of FM and MET on the proliferation of MCF-7 cells and to clarify the possible molecular mechanism involved. MCF-7 cells were treated with various concentrations of FM (40 and 80 μM) or FM (40 and 80 μM) combined with MET (150 μM) for 48 h. Cell proliferation was tested by an methyl tetrazolium (MTT) (3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) assay. The percentage of apoptotic cells was measured by flow cytometry. The expression level of b-cell lymphoma/leukemia-2 (bcl-2) mRNA was examined by RT-PCR, while the expression levels of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinases (p-ERK1/2) and bcl-2 protein were detected by Western blotting. Compared with untreated cells, 40 μM and 80 μM FM efficiently inhibited proliferation and increased apoptosis in MCF-7 cells. Additionally, 40 μM and 80 μM FM greatly downregulated bcl-2 mRNA expression when compared with untreated cells. Furthermore, the protein expression of bcl-2 and p-ERK1/2 was significantly reduced by 40 μM and 80 μM FM. The cytotoxic effect of FM was more remarkable when 150 μM MET was added. Taken together, the combinational use of FM and MET enhanced cell growth inhibition, and the induction of apoptosis in MCF-7 cells mediated by the ERK1/2 signaling pathway.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.