Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Formononetin Upregulates Nrf2/HO-1 Signaling and Prevents Oxidative Stress, Inflammation, and Kidney Injury in Methotrexate-Induced Rats.

Abstract Source:

Antioxidants (Basel). 2019 Sep 26 ;8(10). Epub 2019 Sep 26. PMID: 31561418

Abstract Author(s):

Saleem H Aladaileh, Omnia E Hussein, Mohammad H Abukhalil, Sultan A M Saghir, May Bin-Jumah, Manal A Alfwuaires, Mousa O Germoush, Amer A Almaiman, Ayman M Mahmoud

Article Affiliation:

Saleem H Aladaileh


Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious complication of methotrexate (MTX). This study explored the protective effect of the isoflavone formononetin (FN) against MTX nephrotoxicity with an emphasis on oxidative stress, inflammation, and nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2/heme oxygenase 1 (Nrf2/HO-1) signaling. Rats received FN (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg) for 10 days and a single dose of MTX on day 7. MTX induced kidney injury was characterized by increased serum creatinine and urea, kidney injury molecule-1 (Kim-1), and several histological alterations. FN ameliorated kidney function and inhibited the renal tissue injury induced by MTX. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), lipid peroxidation (LPO), nitric oxide, and 8-Oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine were increased, whereas antioxidant defenses were diminished in the kidney of MTX-administered rats. In addition, MTX upregulated renal iNOS, COX-2, TNF-α, IL-1β, Bax, caspase-9, and caspase-3, and decreased Bcl-2, Nrf2, and HO-1. FN suppressed oxidative stress, LPO, DNA damage, iNOS, COX-2, proinflammatory cytokines, and apoptosis, and boosted Bcl-2, antioxidants, and Nrf2/HO-1 signaling in MTX-administered rats. In conclusion, FN prevents MTX-induced AKI by activating Nrf2/HO-1 signaling and attenuates oxidative damage and inflammation. Thus, FN may represent an effective adjuvant that can prevent MTX nephrotoxicity, pending further mechanistic studies.

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.