Fructose-fed rats exhibit increased inflammation, fibrogenesis and NF-κB activation. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Genistein modulates NF-κB-associated renal inflammation, fibrosis and podocyte abnormalities in fructose-fed rats.
Eur J Pharmacol. 2011 Jun 17. Epub 2011 Jun 17. PMID: 21704028
The study determines the effect of genistein on inflammatory status and expression of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB p65), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) in kidney of fructose-fed rats. Adult male Wistar rats were fed a diet containing either starch or fructose as the source of carbohydrate. Fifteen days later, after confirming the development of insulin resistance in fructose-fed rats, the rats in each dietary group were divided into two and treated with either genistein (1mg/kg/day) in 30% dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) or 30% DMSO alone for the next 45days. The expression of NF-κB P(65), TGF-β1 and RAGE, histochemical localization of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), levels of tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6(IL-6) and ultrastructural analysis were performed at the end of the experimental period. Fructose-fed rats displayed inflammatory changes in kidney. Increased expression of TGF-β1and RAGE in cytosol and NF-κBp65 in nuclear fraction were observed. α-SMA expression was higher in fructose-fed rat kidney. Proliferation of connective tissue was evident from increased collagen deposition in perivascular and intraglomerular regions. Administration of genistein to fructose-fed rats reduced inflammation, fibrogenesis and NF-κB activation. Genistein also mitigated the structural changes such as basement membrane thickening, reduction in podocyte number and loss of glomerular filtration barrier integrity. These findings suggest that genistein prevents inflammation, fibrosis and early nephropathic changesin fructose-fed insulin resistant rats secondary to the attenuation of NF-κB activation.