Fucoidan exhibits antitumor activity toward hepatoma cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Inhibitory effect of fucoidan on Huh7 hepatoma cells through downregulation of CXCL12.
Nutr Cancer. 2009 ;61(3):340-7. PMID: 19373607
School of Health Science, Gunma University, 3-39-15 Showamachi, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8514, Japan. email@example.com
The aim of this study is to assess whether fucoidan modulates the expression of chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12)/chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and exerts antitumor activity toward Huh7 hepatoma cells. According to 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays, fucoidan inhibited the growth of Huh7 cells and HepG2 cells in a dose-dependent manner, with a 50% inhibition of cell growth (IC50) of 2.0 and 4.0 mg/ml, respectively. alpha-fetoprotein levels in medium collected from fucoidan-treated cells were significantly decreased in Huh7 cells but not in HepG2 cells. Western blotting revealed that the amount of alpha-fetoprotein was decreased by 1.0 mg/ml of fucoidan in Huh7 cells, whereas it was unchanged in HepG2 cells. In Huh7 cells, CXCL12 mRNA expression was significantly downregulated by 1.0 mg/ml of fucoidan, whereas CXCR4 mRNA expression was unchanged by fucoidan. CXCL12 and CXCR4 mRNA were barely expressed in HepG2 cells. In addition, 1.0 mg/ml of fucoidan mildly arrested the cell cycle and induced apoptosis in Huh7 cells. The findings suggest that fucoidan exhibits antitumor activity toward Huh7 cells through the downregulation of CXCL12 expression.