Fucoidans as potential therapeutics for age-related macular degeneration. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Fucoidans as Potential Therapeutics for Age-Related Macular Degeneration-Current Evidence from In Vitro Research.
Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Dec 4 ;21(23). Epub 2020 Dec 4. PMID: 33291752
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the major reason for blindness in the industrialized world with limited treatment options. Important pathogenic pathways in AMD include oxidative stress and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion. Due to their bioactivities, fucoidans have recently been suggested as potential therapeutics. This review gives an overview of the recent developments in this field. Recent studies have characterized several fucoidans from different species, with different molecular characteristics and different extraction methods, in regard to their ability to reduce oxidative stress and inhibit VEGF in AMD-relevant in vitro systems. As shown in these studies, fucoidans exhibit a species dependency in their bioactivity. Additionally, molecular properties such as molecular weight and fucose content are important issues. Fucoidans fromandwere identified as the most promising candidates for further development. Further research is warranted to establish fucoidans as potential therapeutics for AMD.