Abstract Title:

Fucoxanthin Activates Apoptosis via Inhibition of PI3K/Akt/mTOR Pathway and Suppresses Invasion and Migration by Restriction of p38-MMP-2/9 Pathway in Human Glioblastoma Cells.

Abstract Source:

Neurochem Res. 2016 Oct ;41(10):2728-2751. Epub 2016 Jul 9. PMID: 27394418

Abstract Author(s):

Yugang Liu, Jian Zheng, Yan Zhang, Zhaotao Wang, Yang Yang, Miaochun Bai, Yiwu Dai

Article Affiliation:

Yugang Liu


Fucoxanthin is rich in seaweed and considered as effective anti-cancer drug because of powerful antioxidant properties. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of fucoxanthin on apoptosis, invasion and migration of glioma cells. Firstly, fucoxanthin showed obvious cytotoxicity against human glioma cancer cell line U87 and U251, however, there was no inhibitory effect on normal neuron. And then, fucoxanthin induced apoptotic cell death showed by the condensation of chromatin material stained with Hoechest 33342, and reduced mitochondrial membrane potential via DIOC6(3) staining, and enhanced apoptosis by annexin V-FITC/SYTOX Green double staining on U87 and U251 cell lines. Transmission electron microscopy and western blotting were used to determine ultrastructure of U87 cell and expression of proteins related to apoptosis. A scratch wound healing assay and the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and a tans-well assay were used to investigate cell migration and invasion, respectively. Additionally, we uncovered upstream signaling Akt/mTOR and p38 pathways induced by incubation U87 and U251 cell lines with fucoxanthin that mediated cell apoptosis, migration and invasion by using PI3K and p38 inhibitors. Moreover, incubation of fucoxanthin obviously reduced the weight and volume of glioma mass of U87 cells in nude mice. Furthermore, we also examined the glioma mass of U87 cells by hematoxylin-eosin staining, TUNEL assay and western blot, and these outcomes in vivo consistently confirmed that above results in vitro. Taken together, these findings suggest that fucoxanthin augments apoptosis, and reduces cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and reveals a potential mechanism of fucoxanthin-mediated Akt/mTOR and p38 susspression in human glioblastoma cell line.

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & receive The Dark Side of Wheat Ebook

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

The Dark Side of Wheat

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2023 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.