Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Fucoxanthin Attenuates Free Fatty Acid-Induced Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease by Regulating Lipid Metabolism/Oxidative Stress/Inflammation via the AMPK/Nrf2/TLR4 Signaling Pathway.

Abstract Source:

Mar Drugs. 2022 Mar 25 ;20(4). Epub 2022 Mar 25. PMID: 35447899

Abstract Author(s):

Jiena Ye, Jiawen Zheng, Xiaoxiao Tian, Baogui Xu, Falei Yuan, Bin Wang, Zuisu Yang, Fangfang Huang

Article Affiliation:

Jiena Ye


Fucoxanthin, a xanthophyll carotenoid abundant in brown algae, is reported to have several biological functions, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor activities, in mice. We investigated the effects and mechanisms of fucoxanthin in the mixture oleate/palmitate = 2/1(FFA)-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) cell model in this study. The results showed that the content of superoxide dismutase in the FFA group was 9.8± 1.0 U/mgprot, while that in the fucoxanthin high-dose (H-Fx) group (2 μg/mL) increased to 22.9 ± 0.6 U/mgprot. The content of interleukin-1β in the FFA group was 89.3 ± 3.6 ng/mL, while that in the H-Fx group was reduced to 53.8 ± 2.8 ng/mL. The above results indicate that fucoxanthin couldalleviate the FFA-induced oxidative stress and inflammatory levels in the liver cells. Oil red-O staining revealed visible protrusions and a significant decrease in the number of lipid droplets in the cytoplasm of cells in the fucoxanthin group. These findings on the mechanisms of action suggest that fucoxanthin can repair FFA-induced NAFLD via the adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway and nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2-mediated (Nrf2) signaling pathway, as well as by downregulating the expression of the Toll-like receptor 4-mediated (TLR4) signaling pathway. Fucoxanthin exhibited alleviating effects in the FFA-induced NAFLD model and could be explored as a potential anti-NAFLD substance.

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