Fucoxanthin provided protection against subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced oxidative insults. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Fucoxanthin Mitigates Subarachnoid Hemorrhage-Induced Oxidative Damage via Sirtuin 1-Dependent Pathway.
Mol Neurobiol. 2020 Dec ;57(12):5286-5298. Epub 2020 Sep 2. PMID: 32876840
Oxidative stress is a key component of the pathological cascade in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Fucoxanthin (Fx) possesses a strong antioxidant property and has shown neuroprotective effects in acute brain injuries such as ischemic stroke and traumatic brain injury. Here, we investigated the beneficial effects of Fx against SAH-induced oxidative insults and the possible molecular mechanisms. Our data showed that Fx could significantly inhibit SAH-induced reactive oxygen species production and lipid peroxidation, and restore the impairment of endogenous antioxidant enzymes activities. In addition, Fx supplementation improved mitochondrial morphology, ameliorated neural apoptosis, and reduced brain edema after SAH. Moreover, Fx administration exerted an improvement in short-term and long-term neurobehavior functions after SAH. Mechanistically, Fx inhibited oxidative damage and brain injury after SAH by deacetylation of forkhead transcription factors of the O class and p53 via sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) activation. EX527, a selective Sirt1 inhibitor, significantly abated Fx-induced Sirt1 activation and abrogated the antioxidant and neuroprotective effects of Fx after SAH. In primary neurons, Fx similarly suppressed oxidative insults and improved cell viability. These effects were associated with Sirt1 activation and were reversed by EX527 treatment. Taken together, our study explored that Fx provided protection against SAH-induced oxidative insults by inducing Sirt1 signaling, indicating that Fx might serve as a potential therapeutic drug for SAH.