GABA contained in lotus seed extract acts as a sleep potentiating compound. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Nelumbo nucifera promotes non-rapid eye movement sleep by regulating GABAergic receptors in rat model.
J Ethnopharmacol. 2021 Mar 1 ;267:113511. Epub 2020 Oct 23. PMID: 33148434
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Nelumbo nucifera are used in folk medicine for anti-depressant, anti-convulsant, neuroprotective, and many other purposes.
AIM OF THE STUDY: The present work evaluated the sleep potentiating effects of water extract from lotus seed in rat, and the neuropharmacological mechanisms underlying these effects.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pentobarbital-induced sleep test and electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis were applied to investigate sleep latency, duration, total sleeping time and sleep quality of Lotus extract. In addition, real-time PCR and HPLC analysis were applied to analyze the signaling pathway.
RESULTS: We found that the amounts of the possible active compounds GABA (2.33 mg/g) and L-tryptophan (2.00 mg/g) were higher than quinidine (0.55 mg/g) and neferine (0.16 mg/g) in lotus seed extract. High dose (160 mg/kg) administration of lotus extract led to a tendency towards decreased sleep latency time and an increase in sleep duration time compared to the controlgroup in a pentobarbital-induced sleep model (p < 0.05). After high dose administration, total sleep and NREM were significantly increased compared to control, while wake time and REM were significantly decreased. Lotus extract-treated rats showed significantly reduced wake time and increased sleep time in a caffeine-induced model of arousal. Thetranscription level of GABAreceptor, GABAreceptor, and serotonin receptor tended to increase with dose, and lotus extract showed a strong dose-dependent binding capacity to the GABAreceptor.
CONCLUSION: The above results strongly suggest that GABA contained in lotus seed extract acts as a sleep potentiating compound, and that sleep-potentiating activity involves GABAreceptor binding.