Abstract Title:

Gallic acid modulates phenotypic behavior and gene expression in oral squamous cell carcinoma cells by interfering with leptin pathway.

Abstract Source:

Pathol Res Pract. 2017 Dec 10. Epub 2017 Dec 10. PMID: 29254802

Abstract Author(s):

Eliane Macedo Sobrinho Santos, Rogério Gonçalves da Rocha, Hércules Otacílio Santos, Talita Antunes Guimarães, Carlos Alberto de Carvalho Fraga, Luiz Henrique da Silveira, Paulo Ricardo Batista, Paulo Sérgio Lopes de Oliveira, Geraldo Aclécio Melo, Sérgio Henrique Santos, Alfredo Maurício Batista de Paula, André Luiz Sena Guimarães, Lucyana Conceição Farias

Article Affiliation:

Eliane Macedo Sobrinho Santos


Gallic acid is a polyphenolic compost appointed to interfere with neoplastic cells behavior. Evidence suggests an important role of leptin in carcinogenesis pathways, inducing a proliferative phenotype. We investigated the potential of gallic acid to modulate leptin-induced cell proliferation and migration of oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. The gallic acid effect on leptin secretion by oral squamous cell carcinoma cells, as well as the underlying molecular mechanisms, was also assessed. For this, we performed proliferation, migration, immunocytochemical and qPCR assays. The expression levels of cell migration-related genes (MMP2, MMP9, Col1A1, and E-cadherin), angiogenesis (HIF-1α, mir210), leptin signaling (LepR, p44/42 MAPK), apoptosis (casp-3), and secreted leptin levels by oral squamous cell carcinoma cells were also measured. Gallic acid decreased proliferation and migration of leptin-treated oral squamous cell carcinoma cells, and reduced mRNA expression of MMP2, MMP9, Col1A1, mir210, but did not change HIF-1α. Gallic acid decreased levels of leptin secreted by oral squamous cell carcinoma cells, accordingly with downregulation of p44/42 MAPK expression. Thus, gallic acid appears to break down neoplastic phenotype of oral squamous cell carcinoma cells by interfering with leptin pathway.

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