Abstract Title:

Effect ofγ irradiation on the fatty acid composition of soybean and soybean oil.

Abstract Source:

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2012 ;76(5):900-5. Epub 2012 May 7. PMID: 22738956

Abstract Author(s):

Ikuko Minami, Yoshimasa Nakamura, Setsuko Todoriki, Yoshiyuki Murata

Article Affiliation:

Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, Japan.


Food irradiation is a form of food processing to extend the shelf life and reduce spoilage of food. We examined the effects ofγ radiation on the fatty acid composition, lipid peroxidation level, and antioxidative activity of soybean and soybean oil which both contain a large amount of unsaturated fatty acids. Irradiation at 10 to 80 kGy under aerobic conditions did not markedly change the fatty acid composition of soybean. While 10-kGy irradiation did not markedly affect the fatty acid composition of soybean oil under either aerobic or anaerobic conditions, 40-kGy irradiation considerably altered the fatty acid composition of soybean oil under aerobic conditions, but not under anaerobic conditions. Moreover, 40-kGyirradiation produced a significant amount of trans fatty acids under aerobic conditions, but not under anaerobic conditions. Irradiating soybean oil induced lipid peroxidation and reduced the radical scavenging activity under aerobic conditions, but had no effect under anaerobic conditions. These results indicate that the fatty acid composition of soybean was not markedly affected by radiation at 10 kGy, and that anaerobic conditions reduced the degradation of soybean oil that occurred with high doses of γ radiation.

Study Type : Plant Study

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