Gamma-tocotrienol reverses multidrug resistance of breast cancer cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
γ-Tocotrienol reverses multidrug resistance of breast cancer cells through the regulation of the γ-Tocotrienol-NF-κB-P-gp axis.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2021 Feb 5 ;209:105835. Epub 2021 Feb 5. PMID: 33556581
The problem of multidrug resistance (MDR) presents a major obstacle in the chemotherapy of cancer. The MDR phenotype is often linked to the overexpression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, that pumps out and decreased intracellular drug accumulation.γ-Tocotrienol, an unsaturated tocopherol belonging to the vitamin E family, has been shown to reverse the MDR of MCF-7/Adr cell. To reveal the role of γ-tocotrienol-NF-κB-P-gp axis in the reversal process, the expression level of mdr1/P-gp was determined by real-time PCR and western blot, while NF-κB activity was detected by immunofluorescence and NF-κB transcriptional activity reporter assay. Besides, mdr1 promoter activity and P-gp transport capacity were measured with the effect of γ-tocotrienol and NF-κB agonist/antagonist. Results showed that γ-tocotrienol effectively inhibited the expression levels of mdr1 mRNA and P-gp protein. It is demonstrated that γ-tocotrienol also suppressed mdr1 promoter activity and the efflux activity of P-gp. In addition, the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway and the transcriptional activity of NF-κB were both reduced by γ-tocotrienol. Evidences also showed that the NF-κB pathway is really involved in the regulation of the expression and function of mdr1/P-gp. Taken together, we confirmed that γ-tocotrienol reversed the MDR of MCF-7/Adr through the signaling pathway of NF-κB and P-gp.