Abstract Title:

Garcinone C suppresses colon tumorigenesis through the Gli1-dependent hedgehog signaling pathway.

Abstract Source:

Phytomedicine. 2020 Dec ;79:153334. Epub 2020 Sep 3. PMID: 32920288

Abstract Author(s):

Jing Chen, Shuai Qiu, Jin Tae Kim, Jae Seok Cho, Ji Hyun Moon, Yimeng Zhou, Joong-Hyuck Auh, Hong Jin Lee

Article Affiliation:

Jing Chen


BACKGROUND: Although garcinone C, a natural xanthone derivative identified in the pericarp of Garcinia mangostana, has been demonstrated to exert different health beneficial activities in oxidative stress andβ-amyloid aggregation, the role of garcinone C in colon tumorigenesis has not been investigated. In addition, aberrant Hedgehog (Hh) signaling activation is associated with tumorigenesis including colon cancer. Here, we hypothesized that garcinone C can prevent colon tumorigenesis through regulating the Hh signaling pathway.

METHOD: Colony formation assay and flow cytometry were used to evaluate the effect of garcinone C on the proliferation and cell cycle progression of colon cancer cells. Protein expression of cell cycle related markers and Hh/Gli1 signaling mediators were determined. The regulatory effect of orally administered garcinone C on the Hh/Gli1 signaling pathway and colon tumorigenesis was evaluated in an azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colon cancer animal model.

RESULTS: Garcinone C suppressed the proliferation of colon cancer cells, induced G0/G1 cell cycle arrest, as well as regulated the expression of cell cycle-related markers such as cyclin D1, cyclin E, CDK6, and p21. Garcinone C inhibited the expression of Gli1, a key mediator of Hedgehog signaling, and protein kinase B (AKT) phosphorylation in Smo-independent colon cancer cells. In the AOM/DSS-induced colon tumorigenesis model, garcinone C significantly inhibited tumor development, regulated the expression of cell cycle markers and Gli1, and reduced AKT phosphorylation in colon tumor tissues, which is consistent with our in vitro results.

CONCLUSION: Garcinone C can suppress colon tumorigenesis in vitro and in vivo through Gli1-dependent non-canonical Hedgehog signaling, suggesting that it may serve as a potent chemopreventive agent against colon tumorigenesis.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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