Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Hepatoprotective Impact of Geraniol Against CCl4-Induced Liver Fibrosis in Rats.

Abstract Source:

Pak J Biol Sci. 2020 Jan ;23(12):1650-1658. PMID: 33274899

Abstract Author(s):

Eman F El Azab, Nihal M Elguindy, Galila A Yacout, Dalia A Elgamal

Article Affiliation:

Eman F El Azab


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Numerous experimental studies have shown various pharmacological activities including geraniol's cancer prevention agent and antioxidant capacity. The goal of this investigation is to mark the prospective defensive role of geraniol in rat's carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) instigated in liver fibrosis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Liver fibrosis was prompted by subcutaneous injections of CCl4, twice week by week and for about a month. Simultaneously, geraniol (200 mg kg-1) was orally regulated every day. Post-Hoc-Test were carried out where p<0.05 has been established as a significant value.

RESULTS: The biochemical results showed that geraniol reduced liver damage just as manifestations of liver fibrosis. The administration of geraniol diminished the CCl4-initiated the elevation in serum aminotransferase activities and alkaline phosphatase activity. Geraniol diminished the levels of TNF-α, NO and myeloperoxidase activity which were prompted by the CCl4 treatment. The rise of serum hyaluronidase activity and hepatic hydroxyproline content was also curtailed by geraniol treatment. Besides, geraniol fundamentally declined hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) formation and increased reducedglutathione (GSH) in CCl4-treated rats. Geraniol has also increased the activity of hepatic antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in the rats treated with CCl4. Finally, thehistological analysis of the liver bolstered the biochemical results.

CONCLUSION: Our study has demonstrated that geraniol has a hepatoprotective upshot on liver fibrosis caused by CCl4, supposedly due to its free radical scavenging, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory characteristics.

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