Abstract Title:

Geraniol protects against cyclosporine A-induced renal injury in rats: Role of Wnt/β-catenin and PPARγ signaling pathways.

Abstract Source:

Life Sci. 2022 Feb 15 ;291:120259. Epub 2021 Dec 28. PMID: 34968469

Abstract Author(s):

Nevertyty M Mahmoud, Shimaa M Elshazly, Samar Rezq

Article Affiliation:

Nevertyty M Mahmoud


AIMS: The nephrotoxicity of cyclosporine A (CsA) limits its use as an immunosuppressant. Wnt/β-catenin signaling is involved in the pathogenesis of both acute and chronic kidney disease, and it is inhibited by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ). We aimed to evaluate if geraniol, which can modulate both PPARγ and Wnt signaling, could protect against CsA-induced nephrotoxicity.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats (6 groups) received the vehicle or a combination of CsA (30 mg/kg) with the vehicle, geraniol (50, 100, or 200 mg/kg), or the PPARγ agonist pioglitazone for 4 weeks. Blood pressure (BP), markers of renal injury (serum urea, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, and urinary NAG), oxidative stress (glutathione peroxidase), inflammation (ICAM-1, IL-18, and NF-κB), apoptosis (caspase-3), extracellular matrix remodeling [matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9)], and fibrosis (TGF-β1, Smad3, and Smad7) were assessed. Renal histological analysis, Wnt signaling components (Wnt-4/β-catenin and E-cadherin), and PPARγ expression were evaluated.

KEY FINDINGS: CsA group had renal injury, as well as increased BP, renal oxidative stress, inflammation, and fibrosis. The latter changes were associated with altered renal architecture, active Wnt signaling (higher Wnt-4 andβ-catenin expression and E-cadherin down-regulation), and lower PPARγ levels. Geraniol protected against kidney damage and the associated biochemical and histomorphological changes in a dose-dependent manner. The latter effects were comparable or superior to those of pioglitazone.

SIGNIFICANCE: The down-regulation of Wnt/β-catenin and the increase in PPARγ by geraniol suggest that both pathways are involved in its renoprotective potential. The study highlights geraniol as a valuable protective asset against chemically induced nephrotoxicity.

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.