Abstract Title:

Ginsenoside Rg1 protects against acetaminophen-induced liver injury via activating Nrf2 signaling pathway in vivo and in vitro.

Abstract Source:

Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2018 Jul 17 ;98:58-68. Epub 2018 Jul 17. PMID: 30030101

Abstract Author(s):

Chenqing Ning, Xiaoguang Gao, Changyuan Wang, Yulong Kong, Zhihao Liu, Huijun Sun, Pengyuan Sun, Xiaokui Huo, Xiaodong Ma, Qiang Meng, Kexin Liu

Article Affiliation:

Chenqing Ning


Acetaminophen (APAP) is a worldwide used drug for treating fever and pain. However, APAP overdose is the leading cause of drug-induced liver injury. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1), the main pharmacologically active compounds of Panax ginseng, against APAP-induced acute liver injury, and further to elucidate the involvement of Nrf2 signaling pathway by in vivo and in vitro experiments. Male C57BL/6 mice were treated with Rg1 for 3 days before injection of APAP. Serum and liver tissue samples were collected 6 h later. The results indicated that Rg1 significantly attenuated APAP-induced hepatotoxicity and oxidative stress in a dose-dependent manner. Rg1 effectively enhanced antioxidant and detoxification capacity, which is largely dependent on up-regulating Nrf2 nuclear translocation, reducing Keap1 protein expression and up-regulating Nrf2 target genes including GCLC, GCLM, HO-1, NQO1, Ugt1a1, Ugt1a6, Ugt2b1, Sult2a1, Mrp2, Mrp3 and Mrp4. Furthermore, Rg1 repressed the activities of Cyp2e1, Cyp3a11, Cyp1a2, which are important enzymes in the formation of APAP toxic metabolite N-acetyl-p-benzoquinone imine. However, the changes in transporters and enzymes, as well as ameliorative liver histology induced by Rg1 were abrogated by Nrf2 antagonist all-transretinoic acid in vivo and Nrf2 siRNA in vitro. In conclusion, Rg1 produced hepatoprotective effects against APAP-induced acute liver injuryvia Nrf2 signaling pathway. Rg1 might be an effective approach for the prevention against acute liver injury.

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.