Glycyrrhizin attenuates histamine-mediated MUC5AC upregulation, inflammatory cytokine production, and aquaporin 5 downregulation through suppressing the NF-κB pathway in human nasal epithelial cells.
Chem Biol Interact. 2018 Feb 13 ;285:21-26. Epub 2018 Feb 13. PMID: 29452068
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a chronic respiratory inflammatory disease. Glycyrrhizin is a main bioactive component of the licorice root extract and exhibits anti-inflammatory activity. However, the role of glycyrrhizin in AR has not been studied. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of glycyrrhizin on histamine-induced human nasal epithelial cells (HNEpCs). Here, we found that glycyrrhizin (20 or 40 μM) inhibited histamine-induced the mRNA expression and secretion of mucin 5 subtype AC (MUC5AC), interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 in HNEpCs. The expression levels of aquaporin 5 (AQP5) and phosphorylated cyclic adenosine monophosphate-responsive element binding protein (p-CREB) were decreased by histamine in HNEpCs and increased in cells treated with glycyrrhizin. The glycyrrhizin treatment inhibited histamine-induced expressions of p-NF-κB p65 and p-IκBα in HNEpCs, indicating that glycyrrhizin inhibited the activation of NF-κB pathway in histamine-induced HNEpCs. In addition, inhibition of the NF-κB pathway exhibited the similar effect with glycyrrhizin on histamine-induced HNEpCs. In summary, the results showed that glycyrrhizin reversed the effect of histamine on MUC5AC expression, inflammatory cytokine production, and AQP5 expression in HNEpCs, and the NF-κB pathway was involved in the effect. Glycyrrhizin might be used for complementary and alternative therapeutics of AR.