n/a
Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Gut-liver axis modulation of Panax notoginseng saponins in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Abstract Source:

Hepatol Int. 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3. PMID: 33656663

Abstract Author(s):

Yu Xu, Ning Wang, Hor-Yue Tan, Sha Li, Cheng Zhang, Yibin Feng

Article Affiliation:

Yu Xu

Abstract:

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an obesity-related comorbidity, and it is characterized as a spectrum of liver abnormalities, including inflammation, steatosis, and fibrosis. The gut-liver axis is implicated in the pathogenesis and development of NAFLD. A promising drug agent targeting the gut-liver axis is expected to reverse NAFLD.

METHODS: We utilized high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice and obesity-prone Lepmice to examine the gut-liver regulation of the natural medicine Panax Notoginseng Saponins (PNS) on NAFLD.

RESULTS: PNS exhibited potent anti-lipogenesis and anti-fibrotic effects in NAFLD mice, that was associated with the TLR4-induced inflammatory signalling pathway in liver. More strikingly, PNS treatment caused a deceleration of gut-to-liver translocation of microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) products. PNS-induced TLR4 inhibition and restoration of Claudin-1 and ZO-1 proteins in the gut-liver axis contributed to the reverse of leaky gut, which in turn abolished by the addition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an agonist of TLR4. Specifically, hepatic steatosis in HFD-treated mice was attenuated by PNS through regulating AMPKα, but restored by the replenishment of LPS. Meanwhile, the anti-fibrotic effect of PNS was abolished by LPS stimulation via the overproduction of collagen I/IV and α-SMA.

CONCLUSION: PNS exerted hepatoprotection against NAFLD in both ob/ob and HFD-induced obese mice, primarily by mediating the gut-liver axis in a TLR4-dependent manner. Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) ameliorated hepatic steatosis and fibrosis, and gut-liver axis-mediated pathogenesis of NAFLD is proposed to occur in a TLR4-dependent manner.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.