Hesperidin may be an effective medicine for post-traumatic stress disorder. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Antidepressant-Like Effects of Hesperidin in Animal Model of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
Chin J Integr Med. 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22. PMID: 32445019
OBJECTIVE: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder characterized by depression and anxiety, that arises due to an imbalance of neurotransmitters in response to excessive stress. Hesperidin (HSD) is a naturally occurring flavonoid shown to exert a variety of biological activities, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective effects.
METHODS: This study was used the open field test (OFT) and forced swimming test (FST) to examine the effects of HSD on the depression-like response of rats after exposure to a single prolonged stress (SPS) leading to the dysregulation of the serotonergic activation system. Male rats were given HSD (20, 50, and 100 mg/kg, intraperitoneal injection, n=6-7 per group) once daily for 14 days after exposure to SPS. The influence of administration of HSD on SPS-induced behavioral responses and concentrations of serotonin (5-HT), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), and monoamine oxidase-A (MAO-A) in the rat brain were also investigated using enzyme-linked immunoassays (ELISAs).
RESULTS: Daily HSD administration signifificantly improved depression-like behaviors in the FST (P0.05), increased the number of lines crossed in the central zone of the OFT (P0.01), and reduced freezing behavior both in contextual and cued fear conditioning. HSD treatment also attenuated the reduction in SPS-induced 5-HT concentrations in the hippocampus and amygdala. This increase in 5-HT concentrations during HSD treatment was partially attributed to a decrease in the 5-HIAA/5-HT ratio in the hippocampus of rats with PTSD. Furthermore, HSD treatment inhibited activity of MAO-A and decreases of tryptophan hydroxylase-1 expression in the hippocampus.
CONCLUSION: HSD was shown to exert antidepressant effects in rats exposed to SPS, suggesting that this natural flflavonoid may be an effective medicine for PTSD.