Abstract Title:

Hesperidin regresses cardiac hypertrophy by virtue of PPAR-γ agonistic, anti-inflammatory, antiapoptotic, and antioxidant properties.

Abstract Source:

J Biochem Mol Toxicol. 2019 Jan 8:e22283. Epub 2019 Jan 8. PMID: 30623541

Abstract Author(s):

Poorva Bhargava, Vipin Kumar Verma, Salma Malik, Sana Irfan Khan, Jagriti Bhatia, Dharamvir Singh Arya

Article Affiliation:

Poorva Bhargava


Hesperidin (HES), a flavanone glycoside, predominant in citrus fruits, has an agonistic activity on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ). PPAR-γ is an inhibitor of cardiac hypertrophy (CH) signaling pathways. In this study, we investigated the cardioprotective effect of HES in isoproterenol (ISO)-induced CH through PPAR-γ agonistic activity. For this, male albino Wistar rats were divided into six groups (n = 6), that is, normal, ISO-control, HES treatment group (200 mg kg; p.o.), HES per se (200 mg kg; p.o.), enalapril treatment group (30 mg kg; p.o.), and combination group (HES 200 mg kg; p.o.+enalapril 30 mg kg; p.o.). ISO (3 mg kg; s.c.) was administered to all groups except normal and per se to induce CH. HES or enalapril treatment of 28 days significantly attenuated pathological changes, improved cardiac hemodynamics, suppressed oxidative stress, and apoptosis along with an increased PPAR-γ expression. The combination of enalapril with HES exhibited an effect similar to that of HES or enalapril alone on all the aforementioned parameters. Therefore, HES may be further evaluated as a promising molecule for the alleviation of CH.

Study Type : Animal Study

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