Hesperidin may be a promising modulator in preventing renal cancer. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Anti-carcinogenic effect of hesperidin against renal cell carcinoma by targeting COX-2/PGE2 pathway in Wistar rats.
Environ Toxicol. 2018 Aug 11. Epub 2018 Aug 11. PMID: 30098279
The present study was designed to evaluate the protective effects of hesperidin, a flavonoid on DEN initiated and Fe-NTA promoted renal carcinogenesis in Wistar rats. Renal cancer was initiated by a single i.p. injection of DEN (200 mg/kg b.wt.) and promoted with Fe-NTA (9 mg Fe/kg b.wt. i.p.) twice a week for 16 weeks. Rats were simultaneously administered with hesperidin (100 and 200 mg/kg b.wt.) for 16 consecutive weeks. The chemopreventive effect of hesperidin was assessed in terms of antioxidant activities, renal function, PGE2 level, and the expressions of COX-2 and VEGF. Hesperidin decreased the DEN and Fe-NTA induced lipid peroxidation, improved the renal function (by decreasing the levels of BUN, creatinine, and KIM-1) and restored the renal antioxidant armory (GSH, GPx, GR, SOD, and catalase). Hesperidinwas also found to decrease the level of PGE2 and downregulate the expressions of COX-2 and VEGF. Histological findings further revealed the protective effects of hesperidin against DEN and Fe-NTA induced kidney damage. The result of our present findings suggest that hesperidin may be a promising modulator in preventing renal cancer possibly by virtue of its ability to alleviate oxidative stress and inhibit COX-2/PGE2 pathway.