High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and osteoporosis in patients with fragility fractures of hip: A pilot study.
J Clin Orthop Trauma. 2019 Nov-Dec;10(6):1097-1100. Epub 2019 Mar 21. PMID: 31708635
Background: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is a major cause of poor bone health that could lead to fragility fractures, however, there is paucity of literature on prevalence of VDD and associated bone mass in patients of fragility fractures. Hip and spine are the commonest region affected by these fractures and the present study was conceptualised to ascertain the prevalence of VDD and bone mass in patients of hip fragility fractures (proximal femur) to evaluate their role in incidence of these fractures.
Methods and materials: Between January 2013 and December 2013, 66 patients of fragility fractures around hip with age more than 50 years presented to our out patient department. Baseline evaluation of calcium profile, renal function tests, parathyroid hormone and 25(OH)D were done. All patients underwent DXA scan of the non -fractured hip.
Results: Total number of male patients was 29 and females was 37, with mean age of 64.1 and 70.3 years, respectively. Intertrochanteric femur fractures were the most common type with 35 cases. Fall in bathroom was the most common mode of injury with 36 cases (54.5%). VDD was found in 74.2% of all patients. Prevalence of secondary hyperparathyroidism was observed in 27 patients. Osteopenia, osteoporosis and severe osteoporosis were observed in 15.2%, 62.1% and 18.2% of patients respectively. Sun light exposure was inadequate in 59% of patients with only 1 female patient having adequate exposure.
Conclusion: Prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency is very high in patients with hip fragility (proximal femur) fractures with secondary hyperparathyroidism and osteoporosis commonly associated. These fractures in our part of the world, occur at a younger age group as compared to the Western population. Majority of the patients sustain in-house fractures.