Abstract Title:

High serum vitamin D level correlates with better prognostic indicators in primary melanoma: A pilot study.

Abstract Source:

Australas J Dermatol. 2017 Mar 23. Epub 2017 Mar 23. PMID: 28332194

Abstract Author(s):

Alvin Lim, Ramin Shayan, George Varigos

Article Affiliation:

Alvin Lim


BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sunlight is a major risk factor for cutaneous melanoma. However, its interaction with melanoma is complex. In particular, vitamin D is a UVB-derived hormone that has been shown to have anti-cancer effects. In this retrospective pilot study we sought to determine an association between the clinicopathological features of melanoma and the patients' corresponding serum vitamin D level.

METHODS: In total, 109 primary melanomas diagnosed between 2001 and 2013 were retrospectively identified from our institutional database with a corresponding 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 level estimated within 6 months of diagnosis. Tumour, clinical (age, sex, tumour location) and pathological (thickness, mitosis, ulceration, Clark level, subtype, metastatic status) parameters were correlated with vitamin D. For statistical analysis, an unpaired Student's t-test and anova was used for categorical variables, and Spearman's correlation for continuous variables.

RESULTS: Vitamin D level was inversely associated with Breslow thickness as a dichotomous, categorical and continuous variable. The association remained significant when controlled for patient's age and sex (P = 0.026). Vitamin D was higher in non-ulcerated tumours compared with ulcerated tumours (P = 0.006) and in tumours with mitotic rate<1/mm(2) compared with≥1/mm(2) (P = 0.036). A significant association was found between vitamin D level and tumour histological subtype (P = 0.019). On subgroup analysis, significant associations were found between superficial spreading melanoma (SSM) and nodular melanoma (P = 0.026), and SSM and acral lentiginous melanoma (P = 0.007).

CONCLUSION: A high vitamin D status may benefit prognosis in patients diagnosed with primary melanoma. A prospective cohort analysis with a large sample and controlled for other vitamin D confounders would validate these findings.

Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Chemotherapeutic : CK(2328) : AC(1086)

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & receive The Dark Side of Wheat Ebook

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

The Dark Side of Wheat

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2023 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.