Higher lycopene exposure is inversely associated with a lower risk of CVD. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Lycopene and risk of cardiovascular diseases: A meta-analysis of observational studies.
Mol Nutr Food Res. 2017 Mar 20. Epub 2017 Mar 20. PMID: 28318092
SCOPE: The aim of current meta-analysis was to investigate the relation between lycopene and risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD).
METHODS AND RESULTS: Studies concerning about the association between lycopene and risk of CVD were searched on Pubmed, Embase, and Web of Science from inception to October 2016. A total of 14 eligible studies were identified. A significantly inverse association with a pooled risk ratio (RR) of 0.83 (95% CI: 0.76-0.90) was shown between lycopene exposure and risk of CVD. Findings were similar restricting to dietary studies (RR = 0.87, 95% CI = 0.79-0.96) and biomarker studies (RR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0. 62-0.87).Dietary lycopene intake was statistically significant for coronary heart disease (CHD) (RR: 0.87; 95% CI: 0.76-0.98) and stroke (RR: 0.83; 95% CI: 0.69-0.96).The pooled risk estimate was generally similar for lycopene biomarker concentrations, but the association was only statistically significant for stroke (RR: 0.65; 95% CI: 0.42-0.87). Subgroup analyses showed that retrospective and low quality studies were statistically significant sources of heterogeneity.
CONCLUSION: Higher lycopene exposure is inversely associated with a lower risk of CVD. Further well-designed randomized clinical trials are required to assess the role of lycopene on CVD.