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Abstract Title:

Preventive effect of Artichoke (L.) in kidney dysfunction against high fat-diet induced obesity in rats.

Abstract Source:

Arch Physiol Biochem. 2019 Dec 19:1-7. Epub 2019 Dec 19. PMID: 31855072

Abstract Author(s):

Maryem Ben Salem, Hanen Affes, Raouia Dhouibi, Slim Charfi, Mouna Turki, Serria Hammami, Fatma Ayedi, Zouheir Sahnoun, Khaled Mounir Zeghal, Kamilia Ksouda

Article Affiliation:

Maryem Ben Salem

Abstract:

A high-fat diet (HFD) promotes oxidative stress, which contributes to the development of kidney dysfunction. We examined the protective effects of an ethanol extract of artichoke leaves (EEA) compared to Atorvastatin (ATOR) in the kidney of Wistar rats fed a high-fat diet. The experimental animals were divided into five groups: control (Cont), HFD, HFD treated with EEA (200 mg/kg), HFD treated with EEA (400 mg/kg), and HFD treated with ATOR. Organ weights, lipid profile, renal markers, and antioxidants enzymes were measured. Oral administration of EEA (200 and 400 mg/kg) for 60 days showed a significant decrease in organ weights and kidney markers levels accompanied by decreasing in oxidative stress biomarkers as compared to HFD groups. The histological findings showed a renoprotective effect of artichoke extract. These findings suggest that EEA exerts anti-oxidant kidney effects in HFD- induced obese rats.

Study Type : Animal Study

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