Honokiol, an active compound ofis involved in restoring normal baroreflex sensitivity in hypercholesterolemic rabbits.
Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Feb ;8(2):1093-1103. Epub 2020 Jan 14. PMID: 32148818
This study investigated the effects of methanol extract(MEMO) on baroreceptor reflex sensitivity (BRS) in the hypercholesterolemic rabbits and the involved molecular mechanisms. Male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into Control (normal diet), Cholesterol (0.5% w/w cholesterol diet), and Magnolia groups (0.5% w/w cholesterol diet plus 1% w/w MEMO). The animals were treated with the designated diet for 4 or 8 weeks. BRS in the control of heart rate was assessed by linear regression method. After 8 weeks of treatments, plasma total cholesterol (TC) was significantly elevated in the Cholesterol/Magnolia groups. The arterial blood pressure (aBP) was increased in the Cholesterol and Magnolia groups. The depression of BRS observed in the Cholesterol group was significantly ameliorated in the Magnolia group. After L-NAME (-nitro-Larginine methyl ester, 20 mg/kg,), the BRS of the Cholesterol group was significantly improved. Results from our in vitro study further indicated that honokiol, the principle component of MEMO, would protect human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) from HO-induced damages and inhibit HO-induced vascular smooth muscles cells (VSMCs) proliferation, which was evident by the decreased expression of pFAK, and p-Erk1/2. The results of the present study suggested that the improvement of BRS by MEMO in the hypercholesterolemic rabbits might be mediated by the antioxidant property of MEMO as indicated by the results from the L-NAME and in vitro honokiol studies.