Abstract Title:

Honokiol Attenuates Choroidal Neovascularization by Inhibiting the Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-α/Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Axis via Nuclear Transcription Factor-Kappa B Activation.

Abstract Source:

Curr Eye Res. 2023 Sep 14:1-9. Epub 2023 Sep 14. PMID: 37707827

Abstract Author(s):

Ningxin Pan, Jian Shi, Shu Du, Zhaoxian Qiu, Qiliang Ran, Yangchen Guo, Anping Ma, Qi Zhang, Aimin Sang, Xiaowei Yang

Article Affiliation:

Ningxin Pan


PURPOSE: Honokiol is a lignan isolated fromand exhibits anti-angiogenic properties. This study was conducted to investigate the role of honokiol in choroidal neovascularization.

METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were treated with honokiol at 10-20 mg/kg by daily intraperitoneal injection from day 1 to 6 after laser photocoagulation. ARPE-19 cells were cultured under hypoxic conditions with or without the presence of honokiol. After laser photocoagulation and honokiol treatment, hematoxylin and eosin staining, immunofluorescence and fundus fluorescein angiography were used to analyze the effect of honokiol on choroidal neovascularization formation. Quantitative real-time PCR, western blot, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunofluorescence, luciferase assay, and chromatin immunoprecipitation were performed to explore the mechanism of honokiol in the pathological process of choroidal neovascularization. Finally, the role of honokiol on the human choroidal vascular endothelial cells was detected by using 5-ethynyl-20-deoxyuridine assay, Transwell and Tube formation assays.

RESULTS: The results of hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunofluorescence suggested that honokiol reduced the thickness, length, and area of choroidal neovascularization lesions in laser-induced choroidal neovascularization mouse model. Fundus fluorescein angiography showed that choroidal neovascularization leakage was reduced in honokiol group and the concentration of 20 mg/kg showed better effects. Mechanism studies have shown that honokiol exerted inhibitory effects on choroidal neovascularization by inactivating hypoxia-inducible factor-1α/vascular endothelial growth factor axis through the nuclear transcription factor-kappa B signaling pathway. The same results were obtained in ARPE-19 cells under hypoxic conditions. Furthermore, the conditional medium of retinal pigmented epithelial cells promoted the proliferation, migration, and tube formation of human choroidal vascular endothelial cells, while honokiol reversed these.

CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that honokiol attenuated choroidal neovascularization formation by inactivating the hypoxia-inducible factor-1α/vascular endothelial growth factor axis through nuclear transcription factor-kappa B signaling pathway.

Study Type : Animal Study

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