Honokiol could enhancing the anti-glioma therapy of doxorubicin. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Enhancing the anti-glioma therapy of doxorubicin by honokiol with biodegradable self-assembling micelles through multiple evaluations.
Sci Rep. 2017 Feb 27 ;7:43501. Epub 2017 Feb 27. PMID: 28240249
Combination chemotherapy is an important protocol in glioma therapy and honokiol shows synergistic anticancer effects with doxorubicin. In this paper, honokiol (HK) and doxorubicin (Dox) co-loaded Methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ε-caprolactone) (MPEG-PCL) nanoparticles were prepared with a assembly method. The particle size (about 34 nm), morphology, X-ray Powder Diffraction (XRD), in vitro release profile, cytotoxicity and cell proliferation effects were studied in detail. The results indicated that honokiol and doxorubicin could be efficiently loaded into MPEG-PCL nanoparticles simultaneously, and could be released from the micelles in an extended period in vitro. In addition, honokiol and doxorubicin loaded in MPEG-PCL nanoparticles could efficiently suppress glioma cell proliferation and induce cell apoptosis in vitro. Furthermore, Dox-HK-MPEG-PCL micelles inhibited glioma growth more significantly than Dox-MPEG-PCL and HK-MPEG-PCL in both nude mice and zebrafish tumor models. Immunohistochemical analysis indicated that DOX-HK-MPEG-PCL micelles improved Dox's anti-tumor effect by enhancing tumor cell apoptosis, suppressing tumor cell proliferation, and inhibiting angiogenesis. Our data suggest that Dox-HK-MPEG-PCL micelles have the potential to be applied clinically in glioma therapy.