Abstract Title:

Protective effects of honokiol against oxidized LDL-induced cytotoxicity and adhesion molecule expression in endothelial cells.

Abstract Source:

Chem Biol Interact. 2006 May 15;161(1):1-13. Epub 2006 Apr 3. PMID: 16580656

Abstract Author(s):

Hsiu-Chung Ou, Fen-Pi Chou, Tsung-Min Lin, Ching-Hwa Yang, Wayne Huey-Herng Sheu


Honokiol, a compound extracted from Chinese medicinal herb Magnolia officinalis, has several biological effects. However, its protective effects against endothelial injury remain unclarified. In this study, we examined whether honokiol prevented oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced vascular endothelial dysfunction. Incubation of oxLDL with honokiol (2.5-20 microM) inhibited copper-induced oxidative modification as demonstrated by diene formation, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) assay and electrophoretic mobility assay. Expression of adhesion molecules (ICAM, VCAM and E-selectin) and endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) affected by oxLDL was investigated by flow cytometry and Western blot. We also measured the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) using the fluorescent probe 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein acetoxymethyl ester (DCF-AM). Furthermore, several apoptotic phenomena including increased cytosolic calcium, alteration of mitochondrial membrane potential, cytochrome c release and activation of caspase-3 were also investigated. Apoptotic cell death was characterized by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL) stain. The results showed that honokiol prevented the copper-induced oxidative modification of LDL. Honokiol also ameliorated the oxLDL-diminished eNOS protein expression and reduced the oxLDL-induced adhesion molecules and the adherence of THP-1 cells to HUVECs. Furthermore, honokiol attenuated the oxLDL-induced cytotoxicity, apoptotic features, ROS generation, intracellular calcium accumulation and the subsequent mitochondrial membrane potential collapse, cytochrome c release and activation of caspase-3. Our results suggest that honokiol may have clinical implications in the prevention of atherosclerotic vascular disease.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.