Honokiol inhibits bladder cancer cell invasion. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Honokiol inhibits bladder cancer cell invasion through repressing SRC-3 expression and epithelial-mesenchymal transition.
Oncol Lett. 2017 Oct ;14(4):4294-4300. Epub 2017 Jul 25. PMID: 28943942
Urinary bladder cancer (UBC) is one of the most common urological cancer types. Muscle invasive bladder cancer possesses high propensity for metastasis with poor prognosis. Honokiol is a lignan isolated fromwith high bioavailability and potent anticancer effects. The results of the present study demonstrated that honokiol significantly inhibited UBC cell migration and invasion in a dose-dependent manner compared with the vehicle-treated control group. In addition, honokiol treatment suppressed epithelial-mesenchymal transition by induction of E-cadherin and repression of N-cadherin. Honokiol was capable of significantly downregulating the expression of cell invasion-associated genes, steroid receptor coactivator-3 (SRC-3), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and Twist1. Notably, the inhibition of UBC cell invasion by honokiol was reversed by reintroduction of oncoprotein SRC-3 expression, with the restoration of MMP-2 and Twist1, and reduction of E-cadherin expression. Furthermore, the results of the luciferase assay confirmed that SRC-3 could regulate Twist1 promoter activity. Taken together, the results of the present study suggest that honokiol is a promising agent against UBC cell invasion via downregulation of SRC-3 and its target genes.