Honokiol Is a Potential Therapeutic Agent and Has a Synergistic Effect With 5-FU in Human Urothelial Cell Carcinoma Cells.
Anticancer Res. 2019 Dec ;39(12):6555-6565. PMID: 31810921
BACKGROUND/AIM: Honokiol is a biphenolic component of the bark of Magnolia, and has been shown to exert several activities, including anti-depressant, anti-emetic, anti-oxidative, anti-thrombotic, anti-angiogenesis, anti-anxiolytic, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anti-tumor activities of honokiol and its synergistic effect with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in human urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) cells were investigated.
RESULTS: Honokiol significantly suppressed the proliferation of UCC cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Moreover, honokiol inhibited the tumorigenesis of UCC cells in vitro. In addition, honokiol induced cell cycle arrest at G/Gphase and caused apoptosis of UCC cells through the intrinsic pathway. Importantly, we demonstrated that honokiol potentiated the cytotoxic effect of 5-FU, and displayed a synergistic effect with 5-FU in UCC cells.
CONCLUSION: Honokiol causes growth inhibition, tumorigenesis suppression, cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, and importantly has a synergistic effect with 5-FU in human UCC cells. Therefore, this agent displays a therapeutic potential for treating human UCC.