Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Honokiol prevents lung metastasis of triple-negative breast cancer by regulating polarization and recruitment of macrophages.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Pharmacol. 2023 Nov 15 ;959:176076. Epub 2023 Oct 4. PMID: 37797675

Abstract Author(s):

Mei Mei, Linfeng Tang, Hao Zhou, Nina Xue, Ming Li

Article Affiliation:

Mei Mei


Metastasis is the leading cause of breast cancer-associated death. Lung metastasis commonly occurs in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) metastasis, worsening the TNBC prognosis. Considering their role in tumor progression and metastasis, tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are essential therapeutic targets in cancer therapy. Previous studies have demonstrated that honokiol inhibits tumor growth and progression. Here we assessed how honokiol inhibits lung metastasis of TNBC by regulating the polarization of macrophages. We found that honokiol decreased the expression of IL-13-triggered M2 markers like CD206, Arg1, and CCL2, preventing the invasion and migration ability of TNBC cells. The activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription STAT6 and STAT3 was significantly suppressed by honokiol in M2 polarized macrophages. Meanwhile, honokiol increased the expression of LPS/IFNγ-induced M1 markers such as CD11c, iNOS, and IL12 by promoting STAT1 phosphorylation. Besides, honokiol decreased both the ratio of M2/M1 macrophages and the expression of the IL-10/IL-12 gene in lung tissues, thereby inhibiting the proliferation and metastasis of murine breast cancer. Moreover, honokiol reduced the infiltration of macrophages to the lung tissue through the CCL2/CCR2 pathways. These results highlight the potential of honokiol in suppressing TNBC tumor progression and lung metastasis by regulating the polarization and recruitment of macrophages.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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