Horticultural therapy program for middle-aged women's depression, anxiety, and self-identify.
Complement Ther Med. 2018 Aug ;39:154-159. Epub 2018 Jun 26. PMID: 30012387
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of a horticultural therapy program on reducing middle-aged women's depression and anxiety and improving their self-identity.
DESIGN AND SETTING: Participants were 36 women aged 40-59 years who attended the D Culture Center in Incheon, South Korea (control, n = 18; experimental, n = 18).
INTERVENTION: The study was conducted in July-August 2017; the experimental group participated twice/week for 12 sessions.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Menopause Symptom Index, Self-rating Depression Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Dignan Ego-identity Scale were used pre- and post-test. Independent sample t-tests and matching sample t-tests were performed to verify pre-evaluation homogeneity between groups; to determine the changes in depression, anxiety, and ego identity before and after the program; and to compare the efficacy between the groups, respectively.
RESULTS: Depression and anxiety scores were significantly lower (p < 0.001) and self-identity was significantly higher (p = 0.003) among the experimental group compared to the control. The control group showed no significant changes in study variables.
CONCLUSIONS: The horticultural therapy program was effective at decreasing depression and anxiety and improving self-identity in middle-aged women.