Antioxidant enzyme activity in human abdominal aortic aneurysmal and occlusive disease.
Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1999 Jan;220(1):39-45. PMID: 9893167
U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research,Mechanical Trauma Research Branch, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234-6315, USA.
The present study further investigates evidence for lipid peroxidation in atherosclerotic aortic tissue by determining the activity of antioxidant enzymes and concentrations of lipid peroxide fluorochromes in abdominal aortas from 15 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA), an additional 7 patients with ruptured abdominal aneurysms, and 12 patients with atherosclerotic occlusive disease (AOD). Aortas from nonatherosclerotic organ donors served as nondiseased controls. Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn-SOD) activities in AAA and AOD tissues were 16% and 25% of control activity, respectively. Mn-SOD activity in diseased aortae were about 65% of controls. CuZn-SOD protein in AAA and AOD was 56% and 100% of controls, respectively, resulting in significantly lower CuZn-SOD specific activity in these tissues. Ruptured AAA tissue also had low SOD activity and protein. Glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity in AAA and AOD aortas was 70% and 65% of controls, respectively, and glutathione reductase (GR) activity in AAA and AOD aortas was 80% and 65% of control activities, respectively. These results were associated with significantly higher lipid peroxide fluorochromes, expressed as U/g aorta, in both groups of atherosclerotic aortas than in controls. AOD aortas had 33% higher fluorescence than AAA aortas, but the highest levels were seen in ruptured AAA. These data further support the involvement of free radicals and lipid peroxidation in atherosclerotic aortic disease, but do not indicate that these mechanisms are specifically involved in aneurysm formation versus development of occlusive disease.